Yukon is the smallest federal territory created by the government of Canada. Yukon Territory was formed in June 1898 through the act of Canadian government territory and joined the confederation in April 1999. It became its own province with an increasing population due to the gold rush.
The confederation member states delegate certain institution in order to coordinate their policies in some areas.
1. Independence of sovereign states: The confederation enabled the states to maintain the independence and sovereignty within the union. It also made Yukon more active due to the discovery of Gold rush in the province.
2. Improve economy: Bringing all the colonies together it will enable them to grow their economy by being able to sell goods to other markets thus, contributing to the economic growth.
3. More support: Joining the confederation will enable the Yukon Territory to receive more support from other territories and help each other.
4. Greater defence: Joining the confederation will lead to a greater defence against attacks from Americans. The territories will have a strong central government to control its defence mechanism.
5. Job opportunities: Joining the confederation will lead to more business and more jobs to the Yukon people.
6. Break trading barriers: Joining the confederation lead to the demolition of trade barriers which exists within the territories and enable the provinces to transact freely with other territories.
7. Increase food supply: It helped the Canadian territory fight the Americans and have access to more land for their farming activities, have more trade, and increase food supply in the country.
8. The growth of towns: The gold rush brought many Americans to the Yukon leading to the growth of towns. The Yukon province was able to get skilled labor and more workforce.
9. Railway system: It leads to the improvement of the railway system making it easy for the Yukon community to transport their merchandise in and out of the province. The railway allowed settlement in the remote areas.
10. Solve political issues: Political leaders of different provinces in Canada had different ideas on how to do things. There was a language barrier with the majority of the Canada west being French-speaking whereas the East were English speaking. Leaders in both provinces decided to join a confederation in order to solve the language barrier and political issues.
1. Share gold: Yukon is a mining province and joining the confederation, it will have to share their gold with the rest of Canadian.
2. Deserted towns: The migration of people to work in the mine areas led to the depletion of the gold rush in the mining towns thus making people desert those towns. They didn’t have a reason to stay.
3. Cost of goods: The cost of goods will increase because of the influence of tariffs from the Canada government.
4. Lose culture: Yukon will lose their French culture because of being ruled by an English speaking nation.
5. Control: The Canada exercise a lot of control on the smallest populated area. When gold was discovered, the Canada government sent North West police to show them they controlled the place.
6. Lose rights to their land: The Inuit people wanted to have control over their resources and land in the Arctic and without any consultation, the decision was made about the confederation and the use of their lands.
7. Political issues: The few leaders who had gained power will lose their position after joining the confederation.
8. Contribute to railway construction: After joining the confederation, Yukon was forced to pay for the construction of the railway.